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Undefined vs null in javascript

Before understanding the differences, let us understand the similarities between undefined and null

  1. They belong to javascript 7 primitive types ('string','number','null','undefined','boolean','symbol', 'bigint')
  2. They are falsy values. Values that evaluated to false when converting it to boolean using Boolean(value) or !!value.


  • undefined is the default value of a variable that has not been assigned a specific value. Or a function that has no explicit return value ex. console.log(1). 
  • null is "a value that represents no value". null is value that has been explicitly defined to a variable. 
// Similarities

console.log(!!null); //logs false
console.log(!!undefined); //logs false

console.log(Boolean(null)); //logs false
console.log(Boolean(undefined)); //logs false

// Differences 
// Undefined
let _thisIsUndefined;
  const doNothing = () => {};
  const someObj = {
    a : "ay",
    b : "bee",
    c : "si"

  console.log(_thisIsUndefined); //logs undefined
  console.log(doNothing()); //logs undefined
  console.log(someObj["d"]); //logs undefined

fs.readFile('path/to/file', (e,data) => {
  console.log(e); //it logs null when no error occurred

// Also
console.log(null == undefined); // logs true
console.log(null === undefined); // logs false

# javascript# primitives